Развитието на логистиката в страните от ЮИЕ: SEE – Europe’s emerging logistics hotspot
Развитието на логистиката в страните от ЮИЕ: SEE – Europe’s emerging logistics hotspot
8 окт. 2015

Публикувана е класацията SEE TOP 100 2015 на водещите компании в Югоизточна Европа. В нея можете да прочетете съвместната публикация на Цветан Иванов, бизнес консултант в SeeNews и Мирослава Раковска, преподавател в катедра Логистика към УНСС и Председател на УС на Българска асоциация по логистика, за развитието на логистиката в страните от ЮИЕ: SEE – Europe's emerging logistics hotspot. Публикацията ще намерите на стр. 50-52 в класацията SEE TOP 100 2015.

Ето и част от нея:

The logistics sector in Southeast Europe (SEE) is relatively underdeveloped as compared to the rest of Europe. However, the region's location determines its strategic role in trade within the continent, as well as between Europe, the Middle East and Asia. In addition, it is unmatched in Europe in terms of labour costs and real estate rents, and benefits from favourable government policies.

The region is also among the best-rated as far as goods distribution is concerned, though its benefits remain of local or subregional nature. Strategically located hubs in SEE, such as Istanbul, are increasingly integrated in the global supply chain and will gain further importance as trade links with the Far East and the Middle East strengthen.

Ongoing infrastructure development and increasing consumer demand in SEE have led to a shift in distribution patterns in Europe and the development of new freight traffic routes. This in turn is impacting the European logistics markets and has brought about new distribution hubs, some of which are competing with established centres in Western Europe as alternative locations for pan-European distribution activities.

The risk factors for logistics in SEE, according to a 2015 research conducted by the German Logistics Union BVL, are above all related to demographic and workforce trends, whose impact on the sector is estimated as strong. The state of the infrastructure and the development of specialised software are seen as having a moderate impact, while geopolitical events are considered by logistic providers to have a limited impact, but consumers of logistic services, i.e. industrial and trade enterprises, estimate their impact as moderate to strong.

Location factors

The factors that determine the strength of a logistic hub generally fall into one of the following groups:

  • Infrastructure and Accessibility
  • Market Access
  • Operational Base Costs
  • Labour Market Capacity
  • Logistics Competence
  • Business Environment

The best combination of these is the ultimate criterion that determines the location of a strong logistics hub. As far as intercontinental trade is concerned, locations in SEE fall into four groups:

  • Existing distribution hubs – Istanbul, Athens
  • Emerging distribution hubs – Izmir
  • Potential distribution hubs – Bucharest, Belgrade
  • Other auxiliary distribution centres – Sofia, Thessaloniki, Skopje, Nis, Constanta, Zagreb, Sarajevo

According to a survey conducted by Prologis, a company operating in industrial logistics, which aimed to determine the most attractive locations for logistic centres in Europe in 2013 and in 2018, nine of the top ten locations were in Western Europe and one was in SEE – the region of Western Romania was ranked eighth in 2013 and fifth for 2018, and seen as playing a vital role in pan-European logistic flows. Its comparative strengths were considered to be the state of the real estate and the labour markets and favourable government regulations, while its main weak point was the absence of first-class logistics facilities. The survey was conducted among companies operating in different sectors of the economy across Europe.

One clearly visible difference between the rankings for 2013 and 2018 is the expected improvement of SEE locations, including Western Romania, Bucharest and Istanbul which report the highest growth among all European locations in the five-year period.

Цялата публикация ще намерите на стр. 50-52 в класацията SEE TOP 100 2015.